By TONY MURRAYPublished November 06, 2017 07:55:49A child’s school, college and career are all affected by the education lottery, but education inequality is particularly acute in India.
This is the first article in a series on education inequality that aims to answer some basic questions about education in India and why inequality is so high.
Wealthy children get the most in educationIn India, a child with no access to primary education gets a higher education than a child who does have access to a primary school.
While most people in India earn less than $3,000 a year, children from poor families, particularly children of lower-caste households, have much more.
The poverty line for a family of three is around $20,000.
The education inequality in India is much greater than the inequality in the United States.
In the US, the top one per cent of the population in 2017 earned $1.6 trillion while the bottom 50 per cent earned less than half that amount.
In India’s case, the disparity is even greater.
The richest 1 per cent in India have more than three times the income of the bottom half of the country’s population.
The top one percent have the most wealth in India, $5.5 trillion compared with just $500 million in the US.
Education inequality is a huge problemIn India there are more than 200 million children enrolled in primary schools and there are about 6 million children in the secondary education sector.
It is not just the poorest students who are disadvantaged.
Highlighting inequality in education in education is the importance of equity in education.
There is a lot of emphasis on equity in schools.
If all children in India are educated equally, they will be better educated and be better prepared to succeed.
Wealthier children get a higher chance of graduating from schoolIf all Indians have access the same education opportunities, and the same educational level, we can expect that they will get higher levels of achievement.
India’s education system is the envy of the world.
In India, children in rich and poor families have different access to the same opportunities in education and are getting more education at the same time.
Education inequality in AmericaThis article originally appeared on Reuters.